Single institution experience with death by neurological criteria/brain death guideline adherence. Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia Lerner, D. P., Tadevosyan, A., Scott, B. J., Ramineni, A., Bassil, R., Burns, J. D., Russell, J. A. 2022; 108: 25-29

Abstract

To determine the effect on adherence to an institutional death by neurological criteria/brain death (DNC/BD) policy of implementation of a standardized DNC/BD checklist in the electronic medical record (EMR).The retrospective study cohort included all patients admitted to our institution who were declared dead by neurologic criteria determined by ICD code (G93.82) between June 2015 and October 2019. Two investigators independently reviewed each case for adherence with institutional policy, and agreement was assessed using unweighted kappa statistics. Patient data and adherence to institutional policy before and after implementation of a standardized DNC/BD checklist were compared.There were 66 patients identified by the initial search and 38 were included in the final analysis, with 19 cases in both the pre- and post- checklist periods. There were no significant differences in age, cause of DNC/BD, time to DNC/BD determination, potential toxic, metabolic, physiologic confounders, or use of ancillary testing. The pre-checklist period adherence was 47.4% (n = 9/19) versus 94.6% (n = 18/19; p = 0.001) in the post-checklist EMR DNC/BD period.Implementation of a standardized EMR checklist substantially improved DNC/BD policy adherence in our institution.This study provides Class IV evidence on the use of standardized EMR checklist to improve death by neurologic criteria/brain death policy adherence.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jocn.2022.11.009

View details for PubMedID 36577320