Diagnosis and treatment of pericardial mesothelioma by mediastinal mass resection: a case report. Annals of translational medicine Liang, L., Zhang, X., Ke, X., Song, Y., Brcic, L., Neal, J. W., Xu, G., Chen, C. 2022; 10 (24): 1407


Pericardial mesothelioma (PeM) is a rare disease with non-specific symptoms at the onset, because of its rarity, the relevant literature is limited to case reports and small case series, with no cases exceeding 100 in more than 20 years. As the most common initial symptoms are chest tightness and shortness of breath, early diagnosis is difficult, and the beginning of treatment is easily delayed. We present a rare case of difficult-to-diagnose PeM in which the diagnosis was clarified by surgery and the patient achieved a long survival, providing clinicians with our experience in treating this disease at an early stage of diagnosis and early treatment.A 65-year-old female patient attended Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, complaining about chest tightness and shortness of breath after activity for the last 2 months, accompanied by edema of the lower limbs in last month. A well circumscribed anterior-mediastinal, partially cystic mass was observed on the chest computed tomography. The patient's heart was compressed by the mass, and the patient had cardiac tamponade symptoms. Cardiac ultrasound showed the enlargement of the right heart, a widened pulmonary artery, pulmonary hypertension, and severe tricuspid regurgitation. The nature of the mass could not be determined prior to the surgery. Anterior superior mediastinal tumour resection and partial pericardial resection and closed thoracic drainage in a median open chest were performed, and pathohistological analysis revealed localized pericardial, epithelioid mesothelioma. In a follow-up after 19 months patient was generally well and without specific discomfort.Differential diagnosis of the anterior mediastinal mass is broad. In patients with a mediastinal tumour who have significant symptoms, are difficult to diagnose and can tolerate surgery, the thoracic surgeon can use surgery as early as possible to make a definitive diagnosis, save the patient's life, and/or improve the patient's quality of life, experienced pathologist is essential to make fast and correct diagnosis.

View details for DOI 10.21037/atm-22-4719

View details for PubMedID 36660732

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9843392