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Daily living skills scale: Development and preliminary validation of a new, open-source assessment of daily living skills. Frontiers in psychiatry Uljarevic, M., Spackman, E. K., Cai, R. Y., Paszek, K. J., Hardan, A. Y., Frazier, T. W. 2022; 13: 1108471


Autistic individuals and individuals with a range of other neurodevelopmental conditions (NDD) often present with lower levels of daily living skills (DLS) when compared to their neurotypical peers. Importantly, lower levels of DLS have been linked to a range of negative outcomes, including lower rates of post-secondary education, lower employment rates, and higher daily support needs across autism and NDD. However, there are currently no open-source informant-reported instruments for capturing key aspects of DLS. This study describes the development, refinement, and initial psychometric evaluation of a new, relatively brief (53-item). Daily Living Skills Scale (DLSS) in a sample of 1,361 children aged 2-17 years, Confirmatory Factor Analysis demonstrated an excellent fit of unidimensional model to the data (CFI = 0.953, TLI = 0.951, RMSEA = 0.073 [95% CI: 0.071-0.074]). The single-factor CFA model showed evidence of measurement invariance of factor loadings, thresholds, and residual variance (strict invariance) across sex, age, race, and ethnicity. Model reliability and internal consistency were excellent (? = 0.98; a = 0.97). Conditional reliability estimates indicated very good reliability (= 0.80) for the total DLS scale from very low (? = -4.2) to high (? = +2.4) scores. Conceptually derived self-care, homecare, and community participation subscales also showed strong reliability and internal consistency. With further replication, the EFS has excellent potential for wide adoption across research and clinical contexts.

View details for DOI 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.1108471

View details for PubMedID 36756637

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC9900738