Primary Graft Dysfunction Is Associated With Development of Early Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy, but Not Other Immune-mediated Complications, After Heart Transplantation. Transplantation Han, J., Moayedi, Y., Henricksen, E. J., Waddell, K., Valverde-Twiggs, J., Kim, D., Luikart, H., Zhang, B. M., Teuteberg, J., Khush, K. K. 2023


We investigated associations between primary graft dysfunction (PGD) and development of acute cellular rejection (ACR), de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSAs), and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) after heart transplantation (HT).A total of 381 consecutive adult HT patients from January 2015 to July 2020 at a single center were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was incidence of treated ACR (International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation grade 2R or 3R) and de novo DSA (mean fluorescence intensity >500) within 1 y post-HT. Secondary outcomes included median gene expression profiling score and donor-derived cell-free DNA level within 1 y and incidence of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) within 3 y post-HT.When adjusted for death as a competing risk, the estimated cumulative incidence of ACR (PGD 0.13 versus no PGD 0.21; P?=?0.28), median gene expression profiling score (30 [interquartile range, 25-32] versus 30 [interquartile range, 25-33]; P?=?0.34), and median donor-derived cell-free DNA levels was similar in patients with and without PGD. After adjusting for death as a competing risk, estimated cumulative incidence of de novo DSA within 1 y post-HT in patients with PGD was similar to those without PGD (0.29 versus 0.26; P?=?0.10) with a similar DSA profile based on HLA loci. There was increased incidence of CAV in patients with PGD compared with patients without PGD (52.6% versus 24.8%; P?=?0.01) within the first 3 y post-HT.During the first year after HT, patients with PGD had a similar incidence of ACR and development of de novo DSA, but a higher incidence of CAV when compared with patients without PGD.

View details for DOI 10.1097/TP.0000000000004551

View details for PubMedID 36801852