Pharmacovigilance Analysis of HeartFailure Associated With Anti-HER2 Monotherapies and Combination Regimens for Cancer. JACC. CardioOncology Waliany, S., Caswell-Jin, J., Riaz, F., Myall, N., Zhu, H., Witteles, R. M., Neal, J. W. 2023; 5 (1): 85-98


Background: Trastuzumab improves outcomes in patients with HER2-overexpressing malignancies but is associated with decreases in left ventricular ejection fraction. Heart failure (HF) risks from other anti-HER2 therapies are less clear.Objectives: Using World Health Organization pharmacovigilance data, the authors compared HF odds across anti-HER2 regimens.Methods: In VigiBase, 41,976 patients had adverse drug reactions (ADRs) with anti-HER2 monoclonal antibodies (trastuzumab, n=16,900; pertuzumab, n=1,856), antibody-drug conjugates (trastuzumab emtansine [T-DM1], n=3,983; trastuzumab deruxtecan, n=947), and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (afatinib, n=10,424; lapatinib, n=5,704; neratinib, n=1,507; tucatinib, n=655); additionally, 36,052 patients had ADRs with anti-HER2-based combination regimens. Most patients had breast cancer (monotherapies, n=17,281; combinations, n=24,095). Outcomes included comparison of HF odds with each monotherapy relative to trastuzumab, within each therapeutic class, and among combination regimens.Results: Of 16,900 patients with trastuzumab-associated ADRs, 2,034 (12.04%) had HF reports (median time to onset 5.67months; IQR: 2.85-9.32months) compared with 1% to 2% with antibody-drug conjugates. Trastuzumab had higher odds of HF reporting relative to other anti-HER2 therapies collectively in the overall cohort (reporting OR [ROR]: 17.37; 99% CI: 14.30-21.10) and breast cancer subgroup (ROR: 17.10; 99% CI: 13.12-22.27). Pertuzumab/T-DM1 had 3.4 times higher odds of HF reporting than T-DM1 monotherapy; tucatinib/trastuzumab/capecitabine had similar odds as tucatinib. Among metastatic breast cancer regimens, HF odds were highest with trastuzumab/pertuzumab/docetaxel (ROR: 1.42; 99% CI: 1.17-1.72) and lowest with lapatinib/capecitabine (ROR: 0.09; 99% CI: 0.04-0.23).Conclusions: Trastuzumab and pertuzumab/T-DM1 had higher odds of HF reporting than other anti-HER2 therapies. These data provide large-scale, real-world insight into which HER2-targeted regimens would benefit from left ventricular ejection fraction monitoring.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaccao.2022.09.007

View details for PubMedID 36875913