Types of Physical Activity in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality. Journal of clinical medicine Kim, D., Wijarnpreecha, K., Dennis, B. B., Cholankeril, G., Ahmed, A. 2023; 12 (5)


The impact of different types of physical activity (PA) on mortality in the context of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is not clearly defined and was investigated. This prospective study was performed using the 2007-2014 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with mortality follow-up through 2019. Over a median follow-up of 8.6 years, leisure-time and transportation-related PA that fulfilled the criteria outlined in the PA guidelines (=150 min/week) in NAFLD were associated with a risk reduction in all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-0.98 for leisure-time PA; HR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.45-0.86 for transportation-related PA). Leisure-time and transportation-related PA in NAFLD were inversely associated with all-cause mortality in a dose-dependent manner (p for trends <0.01). Furthermore, the risk for cardiovascular mortality was lower in those meeting the PA guidelines for leisure-time PA (HR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.44-0.91) and transportation-related PA (HR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.23-0.65). Increasing sedentary behavior was linked to an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (p for trend <0.01). Meeting PA guidelines (=150 min/week) for leisure-time and transportation-related PA has beneficial health effects on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among individuals with NAFLD. Sedentary behavior in NAFLD showed harmful effects on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.

View details for DOI 10.3390/jcm12051923

View details for PubMedID 36902707