Opportunistic Screening for Atrial Fibrillation on Routine Chest Computed Tomography. Journal of thoracic imaging Parker, W. A., Vigneault, D. M., Yang, I., Bratt, A., Marquardt, A. C., Sharifi, H., Guo, H. H. 2023


PURPOSE: Quantitative biomarkers from chest computed tomography (CT) can facilitate the incidental detection of important diseases. Atrial fibrillation (AFib) substantially increases the risk for comorbid conditions including stroke. This study investigated the relationship between AFib status and left atrial enlargement (LAE) on CT.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 500 consecutive patients who had undergone nongated chest CTs were included, and left atrium maximal axial cross-sectional area (LA-MACSA), left atrium anterior-posterior dimension (LA-AP), and vertebral body cross-sectional area (VB-Area) were measured. Height, weight, age, sex, and diagnosis of AFib were obtained from the medical record. Parametric statistical analyses and receiver operating characteristic curves were performed. Machine learning classifiers were run with clinical risk factors and LA measurements to predict patients with AFib.RESULTS: Eighty-five patients with a diagnosis of AFib were identified. Mean LA-MACSA and LA-AP were significantly larger in patients with AFib than in patients without AFib (28.63 vs. 20.53cm2, P<0.000001; 4.34 vs. 3.5cm, P<0.000001, respectively), both with area under the curves (AUCs) of 0.73. Multivariable logistic regression analysis including age, sex, and VB-Area with LA-MACSA improved the AUC for predicting AFib (AUC=0.77). An LA-MACSA threshold of 30cm2 demonstrated high specificity for AFib diagnosis at 92% and sensitivity of 48%, and LA-AP threshold at 4.5cm demonstrated 90% specificity and 42% sensitivity. A Bayesian machine learning model using age, sex, height, body surface area, and LA-MACSA predicted AFib with an AUC of 0.743.CONCLUSIONS: LA-MACSA or LA-AP can be rapidly measured from routine chest CT, and when >30 cm2 and >4.5cm, respectively, are specific indicators to predict patients at increased risk for AFib.

View details for DOI 10.1097/RTI.0000000000000702

View details for PubMedID 36917506