Selecting a High-dose Antibiotic-laden Cement Knee Spacer. Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society Hollyer, I., Ivanov, D., Kappagoda, S., Lowenberg, D. W., Goodman, S. B., Amanatullah, D. F. 2023


Periprosthetic infection (PJI) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a common and challenging problem for joint replacement surgeons and patients. Once the diagnosis of PJI has been made, patient goals and characteristics and the infection timeline dictate treatment. Most commonly, this involves a two-stage procedure with removal of all implants, debridement, and placement of a static or dynamic antibiotic spacer. Static spacers are commonly indicated for older, less healthy patients that would benefit from soft tissue rest after initial debridement. Mobile spacers are typically used in younger, healthier patients to improve quality of life and reduce soft tissue contractures during antibiotic spacer treatment. Spacers are highly customizable with regard to antibiotic choice, cement variety, and spacer design, each with reported advantages, drawbacks, and indications that will be covered in this article. While no spacer has yet to be demonstrated as superior to any other, the modern arthroplasty surgeon must be familiar with the available modalities to optimize treatment for each patient. Here we propose a treatment algorithm to assist surgeons in deciding on treatment for PJI after TKA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

View details for DOI 10.1002/jor.25570

View details for PubMedID 37127938