Three-dimensional UTE MRI has shown the ability to provide simultaneous structural and functional lung imaging, but it is limited by respiratory motion and relatively low lung parenchyma SNR. The purpose of this paper is to improve this imaging by using a respiratory phase-resolved reconstruction approach, named motion-compensated low-rank reconstruction (MoCoLoR), which directly incorporates motion compensation into a low-rank constrained reconstruction model for highly efficient use of the acquired data.The MoCoLoR reconstruction is formulated as an optimization problem that includes a low-rank constraint using estimated motion fields to reduce the rank, optimizing over both the motion fields and reconstructed images. The proposed reconstruction along with XD and motion state-weighted motion-compensation (MostMoCo) methods were applied to 18 lung MRI scans of pediatric and young adult patients. The data sets were acquired under free-breathing and without sedation with 3D radial UTE sequences in approximately 5?min. After reconstruction, they went through ventilation analyses. Performance across reconstruction regularization and motion-state parameters were also investigated.The in vivo experiments results showed that MoCoLoR made efficient use of the data, provided higher apparent SNR compared with state-of-the-art XD reconstruction and MostMoCo reconstructions, and yielded high-quality respiratory phase-resolved images for ventilation mapping. The method was effective across the range of patients scanned.The motion-compensated low-rank regularized reconstruction approach makes efficient use of acquired data and can improve simultaneous structural and functional lung imaging with 3D-UTE MRI. It enables the scanning of pediatric patients under free-breathing and without sedation.
View details for DOI 10.1002/mrm.29703
View details for PubMedID 37158318