BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has proven to be the standard of care for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO). However, high revascularization rates do not necessarily result in favorable functional outcomes. We aimed to investigate imaging biomarkers associated with futile recanalization, defined as unfavorable functional outcome despite successful recanalization in AIS-LVO patients.METHODS: Retrospective multicenter cohort study of AIS-LVO patients treated by MT. Successful recanalization was defined as modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) score of 2b-3. A modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 3-6 at 90-days was defined as unfavorable functional outcome. Cortical Vein Opacification Score (COVES) was used to assess venous outflow (VO) and the Tan scale was utilized to determine pial arterial collaterals on admission computed tomography angiography (CTA). Unfavorable VO was defined as COVES =2. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to investigate vascular imaging factors associated with futile recanalization.RESULTS: Among 539 patients in which successful recanalization was achieved, unfavorable functional outcome was observed in 59% of patients. 58% of patients had unfavorable VO and 31% exhibited poor pial arterial collaterals. In multivariable regression, unfavorable VO was a strong predictor (adjusted odds ratio [95% CI]; 4.79 [2.48-9.23]) of unfavorable functional outcome despite successful recanalization.CONCLUSION: We observe that unfavorable VO on admission CTA is a strong predictor of unfavorable functional outcomes despite successful vessel recanalization in AIS-LVO patients. Assessment of VO profiles could help as a pretreatment imaging biomarker to determine patients at risk for futile recanalization.
View details for DOI 10.1111/ene.15898
View details for PubMedID 37243906