BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a well-established treatment for vestibular schwannomas (VS). Hearing loss remains a main morbidity of VS and its treatments, including SRS. Effects of radiation parameters of SRS on hearing remain unknown.OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to determine the effect of tumor volume, patient demographics, pre-treatment hearing status, cochlear radiation dose, total tumor radiation dose, fractionation, and other radiotherapy parameters on hearing deterioration.METHODS: Multicenter retrospective analysis of 611 patients who underwent SRS for VS from 1990-2020 and had pre- and post-treatment audiograms.RESULTS: Pure tone averages (PTA)s increased and word recognition scores (WRS)s decreased in treated ears at 12-60 months while remaining stable in untreated ears. Higher baseline PTA, higher tumor radiation dose, higher maximum cochlear dose, and usage of single fraction resulted in higher post radiation PTA; WRS was only predicted by baseline WRS and age. Higher baseline PTA, single fraction treatment, higher tumor radiation dose, and higher maximum cochlear dose resulted in a faster deterioration in PTA. Below a maximum cochlear dose of 3 Gy, there were no statistically significant changes in PTA or WRS.CONCLUSION: Decline of hearing at 1 year in VS patients after SRS is directly related to maximum cochlear dose, single versus 3-fraction treatment, total tumor radiation dose, and baseline hearing level. The maximum safe cochlear dose for hearing preservation at 1 year is 3 Gy, and the use of 3 fractions instead of 1 fraction was better at preserving hearing.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.wneu.2023.05.098
View details for PubMedID 37268187