Immunotherapy for keratinocyte cancers. Part II: Identification and management of cutaneous side effects of immunotherapy treatments. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Chang, A. L., Zaba, L., Kwong, B. Y. 2023; 88 (6): 1243-1255


Keratinocytic cancers (KCs), specifically cutaneous squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas, can respond to topical, intralesional, or systemic immunotherapies, but cutaneous adverse events (CAEs) may occur. Understanding these risks, early recognition of these CAEs, and effective treatment may enable patients to continue their anticancer immunotherapies without dose impact. Immune checkpoint inhibitor-related CAEs after KCs can have multiple clinical presentations, with specific observed types including psoriasis and bullous pemphigoid. Cutaneous toxicities can require biopsies to confirm the diagnosis, especially in patients who are not responsive to topical or oral steroids, since the selection of biologic drugs depends on accurate diagnosis. Different types of CAEs from immune checkpoint inhibitors have been associated with different oncologic outcomes in various primary cancer types, and this remains to be determined for KC patients. CAE characterization and management after immune checkpoint inhibitors in KC patients is a rapidly growing field that needs specific and prospective studies.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaad.2022.07.062

View details for PubMedID 37268391