Factors associated with mortality after proximal femoral fracture. Journal of orthopaedics and traumatology : official journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Walter, N., Szymski, D., Kurtz, S., Alt, V., Lowenberg, D. W., Lau, E., Rupp, M. 2023; 24 (1): 31


Proximal femoral fractures are a serious complication, especially for elderly patients. Therefore, we have aimed to answer the following research question: What is the postfracture mortality rate in the elderly population and what are associated risk factors? For this, proximal femoral fractures that occurred between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2019 were identified from the Medicare Physician Service Records database. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) method with the Fine and Gray subdistribution adaptation was used to determine rates of mortality. A semiparametric Cox regression model was applied, incorporating 23 measures as covariates to identify risk factors. The estimated 1year mortality rate was 26.8% after head/neck fracture, 28.2% after intertrochanteric fracture, and 24.2% after subtrochanteric fracture. Male sex, age over 70years, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cerebrovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, a concomitant fracture, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, insulin use, ischemic heart disease, morbid obesity, osteoporosis, tobacco dependence, and median household income were determined as risk factors for increased mortality. An early assessment of individual risk factors accessible for therapeutic treatment is crucial in the management of proximal femur fractures to aid in attempts at reducing the high mortality apparent in the elderly US population.

View details for DOI 10.1186/s10195-023-00715-5

View details for PubMedID 37365418