Prognostic significance of pericardial effusion in systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary hypertension: analysis from the PHAROS Registry. Rheumatology (Oxford, England) Luo, Y., Gordon, J., Xu, J., Kolstad, K. D., Chung, L., Steen, V. D., Bernstein, E. J. 2023


Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a leading cause of death in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of pericardial effusion in patients with SSc-PH.Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment and Recognition of Outcomes in Scleroderma (PHAROS) is a prospective multicentre registry which enrolled patients with newly diagnosed SSc-PH from 2005 to 2016. The prognostic impact of pericardial effusion status, including those who ever or never had pericardial effusion, and those who had persistent or intermittent pericardial effusion, was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses, log-rank test, and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression were performed.Of the 335 patients with SSc-PH diagnosed by right heart catheterization and documentation of pericardial effusion presence or absence on echocardiogram, 166 (50%) ever had pericardial effusion. Ever having pericardial effusion was not predictive of survival (Log-rank test p= 0.49). Of the 245 SSc-PH patients who had at least two echocardiograms, 44% had a change in pericardial effusion status over an average of 4.3?years of follow up. Having a persistent pericardial effusion was an independent predictor of survival (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 2.34, 95% CI 1.20-4.64, p= 0.002), while intermittent pericardial effusion was not a predictor of survival (aHR?=?0.89, 95% CI 0.52-1.56, p= 0.68), in a multivariable-adjusted analysis.Persistent pericardial effusion, but not ever having had pericardial effusion or intermittent pericardial effusion, was independently associated with poorer survival. Incorporating information from serial echocardiograms may help clinicians better prognosticate survival in their SSc-PH patients.

View details for DOI 10.1093/rheumatology/kead368

View details for PubMedID 37478347