To develop a novel convolutional recurrent neural network (CRNN-DWI) and apply it to reconstruct a highly undersampled (up to six-fold) multi-b-value, multi-direction diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) dataset.A deep neural network that combines a convolutional neural network (CNN) and recurrent neural network (RNN) was first developed by using a set of diffusion images as input. The network was then used to reconstruct a DWI dataset consisting of 14 b-values, each with three diffusion directions. For comparison, the dataset was also reconstructed with zero-padding and 3D-CNN. The experiments were performed with undersampling rates (R) of 4 and 6. Standard image quality metrics (SSIM and PSNR) were employed to provide quantitative assessments of the reconstructed image quality. Additionally, an advanced non-Gaussian diffusion model was employed to fit the reconstructed images from the different approaches, thereby generating a set of diffusion parameter maps. These diffusion parameter maps from the different approaches were then compared using SSIM as a metric.Both the reconstructed diffusion images and diffusion parameter maps from CRNN-DWI were better than those from zero-padding or 3D-CNN. Specifically, the average SSIM and PSNR of CRNN-DWI were 0.750 ± 0.016 and 28.32 ± 0.69 (R = 4), and 0.675 ± 0.023 and 24.16 ± 0.77 (R = 6), respectively, both of which were substantially higher than those of zero-padding or 3D-CNN reconstructions. The diffusion parameter maps from CRNN-DWI also yielded higher SSIM values for R = 4 (>0.8) and for R = 6 (>0.7) than the other two approaches (for R = 4, <0.7, and for R = 6, <0.65).CRNN-DWI is a viable approach for reconstructing highly undersampled DWI data, providing opportunities to reduce the data acquisition burden.
View details for DOI 10.3390/bioengineering10070864
View details for PubMedID 37508891