Cyclophilin C-Associated Protein/Mac-2 Binding Protein Colocalizes With Calnexin and Regulates the Expression of Tissue Transglutaminase JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY Kong, W., Lin, B. W., Li, S., Longaker, M. T., Lorenz, H. P. 2010; 223 (1): 151-157


Cyclophilin C-associated protein (CyCAP) or Mac-2 binding protein has been identified as a binding protein for cyclophilin C in mice and for Mac-2 (galectin-3) in human, suggesting its multiple binding activity to proteins. In the present study, using specific anti-rat-CyCAP antibody, we found that CyCAP colocalizes with calnexin at the location near the nuclear envelope, however CyCAP does not have colocalization with calreticulin. In senescent fibroblasts and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) treated fibroblasts, both calnexin and CyCAP form larger polymers and are released from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through the cellular membrane to the extracellular area. Immunoprecipitation studies further confirm that the release of calnexin is through binding to CyCAP. Further, we found that tissue transglutaminase (tTG) protein is decreased, however not at the RNA level, in CyCAP null fibroblasts, which suggests that CyCAP is involved in tTG post-translational modification. Our data give novel evidence that CyCAP regulates the post-translational modification of tTG through its colocalization with calnexin in ER.

View details for DOI 10.1002/jcp.22020

View details for Web of Science ID 000275589300017

View details for PubMedID 20049854