High-dimensional profiling of pediatric immune responses to solid organ transplantation. Cell reports. Medicine Rao, M., Amouzgar, M., Harden, J. T., Lapasaran, M. G., Trickey, A., Armstrong, B., Odim, J., Debnam, T., Esquivel, C. O., Bendall, S. C., Martinez, O. M., Krams, S. M. 2023: 101147


Solid organ transplant remains a life-saving therapy for children with end-stage heart, lung, liver, or kidney disease; however, ~33% of allograft recipients experience acute rejection within the first year after transplant. Our ability to detect early rejection is hampered by an incomplete understanding of the immune changes associated with allograft health, particularly in the pediatric population. We performed detailed, multilineage, single-cell analysis of the peripheral blood immune composition in pediatric solid organ transplant recipients, with high-dimensional mass cytometry. Supervised and unsupervised analysis methods to study cell-type proportions indicate that the allograft type strongly influences the post-transplant immune profile. Further, when organ-specific differences are considered, graft health is associated with changes in the proportion of distinct T cell subpopulations. Together, these data form the basis for mechanistic studies into the pathobiology of rejection and allow for the development of new immunosuppressive agents with greater specificity.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.xcrm.2023.101147

View details for PubMedID 37552988