Prostate cancer (PC) is a significant health concern worldwide, with high incidence and mortality rates. Early and accurate detection and localization of recurrent disease at biochemical recurrence (BCR) is critical for guiding subsequent therapeutic decisions and improving patient outcomes. At BCR, conventional imaging consisting of CT, MRI, and bone scintigraphy are recommended by US and European guidelines, however, these modalities all bear certain limitations in detecting metastatic disease, particularly in low-volume relapse at low prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Molecular imaging with PET/CT or PET/MRI using prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeting radiopharmaceuticals has revolutionized imaging of PC. Particularly at BCR PC, PSMA PET has shown better diagnostic performance compared to conventional imaging in detecting local relapse and metastases, even at very low PSA levels. The most recent version of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline has included PSMA-targeted PET/CT or PET/MRI for the localization of BCR PC. There are several different PSMA-targeting radiopharmaceuticals labeled with different radioisotopes, each with slightly different characteristics, but overall similar high sensitivity and specificity for PC. PSMA-targeted PET has the potential to significantly impact patient care by guiding personalized treatment decisions and thus improving outcomes in BCR PC patients.
View details for DOI 10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2023.07.002
View details for PubMedID 37567795