Diagnostic Performance of the Fibrosis-4 Index and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Fibrosis Score in Lean Adults With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. JAMA network open Park, H., Yoon, E. L., Ito, T., Jo, A. J., Kim, M., Lee, J., Kim, H. L., Arai, T., Atsukawa, M., Kawanaka, M., Toyoda, H., Ishigami, M., Yu, M. L., Jun, D. W., Nguyen, M. H. 2023; 6 (8): e2329568


The diagnostic performance of the fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) fibrosis score (NFS) for advanced fibrosis in lean patients with NAFLD is limited.To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the FIB-4 and NFS in lean individuals with NAFLD.This diagnostic study included adults with biopsy-proven NAFLD from 6 referral centers in Asia from 1995 to 2019. Cohorts were matched by age and sex between the lean and nonlean groups. All statistical analyses were executed from October 2022 to March 2023.The diagnostic performance of the FIB-4 and NFS at the current cutoff for advanced hepatic fibrosis in lean (body mass index [BMI] below 23 [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared]) and nonlean (BMI above 23) patients were evaluated.A total of 1501 patients were included in analysis (mean [SD] age, 46.1 [16.4] years); 788 male (52.5%), 115 lean (7.7%), 472 (30.2%) Korean, 821 (48.7%) Japanese, and 341 (21.3%) Taiwanese. Among the age- and sex-matched cohort, the mean (SD) age was 52.3 (15.1) years and 41.2% (47 of 114) were male. The diagnostic performance and areas under the operating characteristic curve of the FIB-4 (lean, 0.807 vs nonlean, 0.743; P?=?.28) and NFS (lean, 0.790 vs nonlean, 0.755; P?=?.54) between the 2 groups were comparable in the age- and sex-matched cohort. The sensitivity and specificity of the NFS showed increasing and decreasing tendency according to the BMI quartiles (P for trend?

View details for DOI 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.29568

View details for PubMedID 37589973