History of Thyroid Surgery in the Last Century. Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association Orloff, L. A., Parangi, S. 2023


Before the 20th century, thyroid surgery was regarded as "horrid butchery" such that no honest and sensible surgeon would ever engage in it. Yet, by the mid-20th century, thyroidectomy had become a respected, life-saving, safe, and increasingly practiced operation. From Kocher to Wells and onward into the 21st century, the evolution of thyroid surgery has continued, enhanced by the integration of endocrinology, genetics, immunology, physiology, technology, training, and multidisciplinary care. The ability to personalize and optimize the care of thyroid disorders has been progressively achieved through shared insights and discoveries, highlights of which are described herein.

View details for DOI 10.1089/thy.2022.0629

View details for PubMedID 37594750