Narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia are chronic conditions that negatively affect alertness, mental and physical energy, functioning, and quality of life (QoL). Calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium oxybates (low-sodium oxybate; LXB) is an oxybate formulation with 92% less sodium than sodium oxybate (SXB; a treatment for narcolepsy) and the same active moiety. LXB is approved in the US for treatment of cataplexy or excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in patients 7 years of age or older with narcolepsy, and idiopathic hypersomnia in adults. In Phase 3 clinical trials, LXB exhibited a safety profile consistent with that of SXB in narcolepsy. Besides continued efficacy in treating symptoms, potential benefits of long-term LXB treatment include flexible optimization of dosing and regimen, improvement of QoL and functioning, weight loss, and (relative to SXB in narcolepsy) health benefits of reduced sodium content. Dosing of LXB is twice nightly (for narcolepsy) or once or twice nightly (for idiopathic hypersomnia) based on patient characteristics and response, and individualized titration can be leveraged over the long term as a patient's life circumstances change. Patients with narcolepsy transitioning from SXB initiate LXB at the same dose, and most patients require no further changes to achieve similar efficacy and tolerability. Improvements in functioning and QoL with LXB treatment could have cascading positive effects in multiple domains, particularly in younger patients. In clinical trials, LXB was associated with weight loss in both narcolepsy (in which obesity is a well-established comorbidity) and idiopathic hypersomnia, only occasionally leading participants to be underweight. As both narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic and cardiovascular comorbidities, limiting medication-related sodium intake with LXB may have significant health benefits, although this has not yet been verified prospectively due to the prolonged follow-up required. LXB is a promising long-term treatment for narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia.
View details for DOI 10.2147/NSS.S412793
View details for PubMedID 37621721
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10445641