US Drug Allergy Registry (USDAR) grading scale for immediate drug reactions. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology Khan, D. A., Phillips, E. J., Accarino, J. J., Gonzalez-Estrada, A., Otani, I. M., Ramsey, A., Arroyo, A. C., Banerji, A., Chow, T., Liu, A., Stone, C. A., Blumenthal, K. G. 2023


There is no accepted grading system classifying the severity of immediate reactions to drugs.The purpose of this article is to present a proposed grading system developed through the consensus of drug allergy experts from the US Drug Allergy Registry (USDAR) Consortium.The USDAR investigators sought to develop a consensus severity grading system for immediate drug reactions that is applicable to clinical care and research.The USDAR grading scale scores severity levels on a scale of 0 to 4. A grade of no reaction (NR) is used for patients who undergo challenge without any symptoms or signs, and it would confirm a negative challenge result. A grade 0 reaction is indicative of primarily subjective complaints that are commonly seen with both historical drug reactions and during drug challenges, and it would suggest a low likelihood of a true drug allergic reaction. Grades 1 to 4 could meet the criteria for a positive challenge result and be considered indicative of a drug allergy. Grade 1 reactions are suggestive of a potential immediate drug reaction with mild symptoms. Grade 2 reactions are more likely to be immediate drug reactions of moderate severity. Grade 3 reactions have features suggestive of a severe allergic reaction, whereas grade 4 reactions are life-threatening reactions such as anaphylactic shock and fatal anaphylaxis.This proposed grading schema for immediate drug reactions improves on prior schemata by being developed specifically for immediate drug reactions and being user-friendly and easy to implement in clinical and research practice.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jaci.2023.08.018

View details for PubMedID 37652140