Association of inpatient postpartum quality of recovery with postpartum depression: A prospective observational study. Journal of clinical anesthesia Ben Hayoun, D. H., Sultan, P., Rozeznic, J., Guo, N., Carvalho, B., Orbach-Zinger, S., Weiniger, C. F. 2023; 91: 111263


To explore the relationship between Obstetric Quality of Recovery survey (ObsQoR-10-Heb) and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) measured 6 weeks after delivery, adjusted for potential confounding factors.Prospective, longitudinal cohort study.Large postpartum department, 13,000 annual deliveries, quaternary medical center in Israel.Women =18 years old, gestational age = 37 weeks after term delivery (spontaneous vaginal, operative vaginal, planned, and unplanned cesarean delivery), with non-anomalous neonates not requiring special support after delivery or at the time of recruitment. Written informed consent was provided. Women unable to read or understand Hebrew were excluded.No interventions were done.We investigated the relationship between inpatient postpartum recovery and positive postpartum depression (PPD) screening at 6 weeks postpartum. Enrolled women completed the validated Hebrew version of ObsQoR-10 survey (ObsQoR-10-Heb; scored between 0 and 100 with 0 and 100 representing worst and best possible recovery) from 24 to 48 h after delivery, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 6- and 12 weeks postpartum. We assessed the univariate association between ObsQoR-10-Heb; patient factors; obstetric factors; and positive PPD screening at 6 weeks postpartum. Potential confounders were adjusted in a multiple logistic regression model.Inpatient ObsQoR-10-Heb has been completed by 325 postpartum women; 270 (83.1%) and 253 (77.9%) completed the 6- and 12 weeks EPDS respectively. Lower ObsQoR-10-Heb (aOR 0.95 (95% CI 0.92, 0.98); p = 0.001); depression or anxiety before delivery (aOR 4.53 (95% CI 1.88, 10.90); p = 0.001); and hospital readmission (aOR 9.08 (95% CI 1.23, 67.14); p = 0.031) were associated with positive screening for postpartum depression at 6 weeks.Our study demonstrates that worse inpatient postpartum recovery is an independent risk factor for positive PPD screening at 6 weeks postpartum. Other risk factors found in our study were maternal hospital readmission and a previous history of anxiety or depression.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jclinane.2023.111263

View details for PubMedID 37717463