Factors that predict pursuing sinus surgery in the era of highly effective modulator therapy. International forum of allergy & rhinology Beswick, D. M., Han, E. J., Mace, J. C., Markarian, K., Alt, J. A., Bodner, T. E., Chowdhury, N. I., Eshaghian, P. H., Getz, A. E., Hwang, P. H., Khanwalkar, A., Kimple, A. J., Lee, J. T., Li, D. A., Norris, M., Nayak, J. V., Owens, C., Patel, Z., Poch, K., Schlosser, R. J., Smith, K. A., Smith, T. L., Soler, Z. M., Suh, J. D., Turner, G., Wang, M. B., Taylor-Cousar, J. L., Saavedra, M. 2023


BACKGROUND: Comorbid chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) remains unresolved for many people with cystic fibrosis (PwCF). While highly effective modulator therapy improves quality-of-life and symptom severity, the impact of this intervention and other factors associated with pursuing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) remains understudied.METHODS: Adult PwCF + CRS were enrolled into a prospective, observational, multi-institutional study. Participants completed validated outcome measures to evaluate respiratory symptom severity, depression, headache, and sleep quality, as well as nasal endoscopy, sinus computed tomography (CT), and olfactory testing. Bivariate comparisons and regression modeling evaluated treatment cofactors, disease characteristics, and outcome measures associated with pursuing ESS.RESULTS: Sixty PwCF were analyzed, including 24 (40%) who elected ESS. Pursuing ESS was associated with worse SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) total, rhinologic, psychological, and sleep dysfunction domain scores; worse Patient Health Questionnaire-9-Revised depression scores; worse Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index total scores; worse weight, role, emotion, and eating domain scores on the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised; more severe disease on nasal endoscopy; and lack of modulator therapy (all p<0.050). Multivariable regression identified that worse SNOT-22 total score was associated with electing ESS (odds ratio [OR] 1.09, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.16, p=0.015) and elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor (ETI) treatment (OR 0.04, 95% CI 0.004-0.34, p=0.004) was associated with pursing medical therapy.CONCLUSIONS: Worse sinonasal symptom burden, lack of ETI treatment, sleep quality, depression, and nasal endoscopy scores were associated with electing ESS, while lung disease severity and sinus CT scores were not. ETI use was associated with lower odds of pursuing ESS independent of sinonasal symptom burden.

View details for DOI 10.1002/alr.23270

View details for PubMedID 37725072