Real-World Response and Outcomes in Patients With NSCLC With EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutations. JTO clinical and research reports Ou, S. I., Lin, H. M., Hong, J. L., Yin, Y., Jin, S., Lin, J., Mehta, M., Nguyen, D., Neal, J. W. 2023; 4 (10): 100558


This study describes treatment patterns and outcomes in patients with NSCLC with EGFR exon 20 insertions (EGFRex20ins) in the United States.The Flatiron Health electronic health record database was used to select three cohorts among patients diagnosed with NSCLC with EGFRex20ins (January 1, 2011-February 29, 2020): (1) first-line (1L) or patients receiving 1L therapy after documented EGFRex20ins; (2) second or later-line (=2L) or patients receiving =2L therapy after documented EGFRex20ins; and (3) =2L postplatinum trial-aligned, or =2L patients previously treated with platinum chemotherapy whose baseline characteristics aligned with key eligibility criteria (initiating new treatment after documented EGFRex20ins and =1 previous treatment excluding mobocertinib or amivantamab) of the mobocertinib trial NCT02716116. Real-world end points were confirmed overall response rate, overall survival, and progression-free survival.Of 237 patients with EGFRex20ins-mutated NSCLC, 129 and 114 patients were included in the 1L and =2L cohorts, respectively. In 1L patients, platinum chemotherapy plus nonplatinum chemotherapy (31.0%) and EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (28.7%) were the most common regimens. In =2L patients, immuno-oncology monotherapy (28.1%) and EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (17.5%) were the most common index treatments. For any 1L, =2L, and =2L postplatinum trial-aligned patients, the confirmed overall response rate was 18.6%, 9.6%, and 14.0%, respectively; the median overall survival was 17.0, 13.6, and 11.5 months; the median progression-free survival was 5.2, 3.7, and 3.3 months, respectively.The outcomes for patients with NSCLC with EGFRex20ins were poor. This real-world study provides a benchmark on treatment outcomes in this patient population and highlights the unmet need for improved therapeutic options.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jtocrr.2023.100558

View details for PubMedID 37744306

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10514080