Utilization of Antiviral Therapy for Patients With Hepatitis B-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Nationwide Real-World US Study. Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association Kudaravalli, S., Kam, L. Y., Huang, D. Q., Cheung, R., Nguyen, M. H. 2023


Although oral antiviral therapy (OAV) is reported to improve outcomes in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it is underutilized. We determined the rate and factors associated with OAV utilization among patients with HBV-related HCC in a US population with health insurance.Patients with HBV-related HCC were identified from the de-identified administrative health claims database for patients with private insurance, Optum Clinformatics (2003-2021).We identified 2129 patients with HBV-related HCC: 71% male, mean age 62.7 ± 12.5 years, 40% Asian individuals, 72% with cirrhosis, and 37% received OAV. The treatment rate improved over time (40.5% after 2010 vs 26.3% earlier; P < .001). Significantly lower treatment rates were noted for females, non-Asian patients, noncirrhotic patients, and patients without gastroenterologist/hepatologist or infectious disease (GI/ID) specialist care (P < .0001). OAV treatment predictors included Asian race and ethnicity (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 3.6; 95% CI, 2.8-4.5; P < .001), male sex (aOR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.3-2.0; P < .001), seeing a GI/ID specialist (aOR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.10-1.99; P = .0091), having compensated cirrhosis (aOR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.7-2.8; P < .001), and being treated from 2011 to 2021 (aOR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.8-3.0; P < .001); being younger (aOR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.98-0.99; P < .001) was less likely for treatment. OAV initiated at or before HCC diagnosis was associated independently with improved survival (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.72-0.99; P = .037).Among patients with HBV-related HCC, only 1 in 3 received OAV despite having insurance coverage. Efforts must continue to develop ways to improve HBV OAV treatment, especially among females, non-Asian patients, and patients without cirrhosis or not seen by specialists.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cgh.2023.04.020

View details for PubMedID 37805836