Socio-economic disparities influence likelihood of post-operative radiation to resection cavities of metastatic brain tumors. Acta neurochirurgica Haider, G., Dadey, D. Y., Rodrigues, A., Pollom, E. L., Adler, J. R., Veeravagu, A. 2023


PURPOSE: Irradiating the surgical bed of resected brain metastases improves local and distant disease control. Over time, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has replaced whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as the treatment standard of care because it minimizes long-term damage to neuro-cognition. Despite this data and growing adoption, socio-economic disparities in clinical access can result in sub-standard care for some patient populations. We aimed to analyze the clinical and socio-economic characteristics of patients who did not receive radiation after surgical resection of brain metastasis.METHODS: Our sample was obtained from Clinformatics Data Mart Database and included all patients from 2004 to 2021 who did or did not receive radiation treatment within sixty days after resection of tumors metastatic to the brain. Regression analysis was done to identify factors responsible for loss to adjuvant radiation treatment.RESULTS: Of 8362 patients identified who had undergone craniotomy for resection of metastatic brain tumors, 3430 (41%) patients did not receive any radiation treatment. Compared to patients who did receive some form of radiation treatment (SRS or WBRT), patients who did not get any form of radiation were more likely to be older (p = 0.0189) and non-white (p = 0.008). Patients with Elixhauser Comorbidity Index =3 were less likely to receive radiation treatment (p < 0.01). Fewer patients with household income = $75,000 did not receive radiation treatment (p < 0.01).CONCLUSION: Age, race, household income, and comorbidity status were associated with differential likelihood to receive post-operative radiation treatment.

View details for DOI 10.1007/s00701-023-05826-w

View details for PubMedID 37816918