Investigation of the Optimum Baseline Blood Pressure for Spinal Anesthesia to Guide Vasopressor Management for Elective Cesarean Delivery: A Case-Control Design. Cureus Kovacheva, V. P., Armero, W., Zhou, G., Bishop, D., Dyer, R., Carvalho, B. 2023; 15 (9): e45380


Current guidelines recommend prophylactic vasopressor administration during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery to maintain intraoperative blood pressure above 90% of the baseline value. We sought to determine the optimum baseline mean arterial pressure (MAP) reading to guide the management of spinal hypotension.We performed a secondary analysis of data collected from normotensive patients presenting for elective cesarean delivery in a tertiary care institution from October 2018 to August 2020. We compared the magnitude of hypotension in patients who reported nausea versus those who did not, using a case-control design. Baseline MAPs at last office visit, morning of surgery, or operating room (pre-spinal) were determined. We calculated the duration and degree of hypotension using the area under the curve (AUC) when the MAP of the respective patient was below 90% of each baseline.The patients who experienced nausea (n=45) had longer and more profound periods of hypotension than those who did not develop nausea (n=240). A comparison of AUC using MAP baseline at the last office visit or on the morning of surgery showed a statistically significant between-group difference, P=0.02, and P=0.005, respectively, and no significant between-group difference when 90% of the MAP baseline in the operating room was used.Patients had the highest preoperative MAP in the operating room and the AUC was similar for those with and without nausea when the pre-spinal MAP baseline was used. Therefore, maintaining higher intraoperative blood pressure using individual pre-spinal MAP as baseline should reduce intraoperative maternal nausea.

View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.45380

View details for PubMedID 37854732

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10579048