Standard Kt/V-urea: a method of calculation that includes effects of fluid removal and residual kidney clearance KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL Daugirdas, J. T., Depner, T. A., Greene, T., Levin, N. W., Chertow, G. M., Rocco, M. V. 2010; 77 (7): 637-644


Standard Kt/V(urea) (stdKt/V) is a hypothetical continuous clearance in patients treated with intermittent hemodialysis based on the generation rate of urea nitrogen and the average predialysis urea nitrogen. Previous equations to estimate stdKt/V were derived using a fixed-volume model. To determine the impact of fluid removal as well as residual urea clearance on stdKt/V, we modeled 245 hemodialysis sessions (including conventional 3/week, in-center 6/week, and at-home nocturnal 6/week) in 210 patients enrolled in the Frequent Hemodialysis Network Daily and Nocturnal clinical trials. To examine the role of fluid removal, modeled stdKt/V was compared to stdKt/V estimated from a previously published simplified equation. In a subgroup of 45 sessions with residual urea clearance over 1.5 ml/min, the contribution of residual urea clearance to stdKt/V was measured. For all dialysis schedules, the fixed-volume equation predicted stdKt/V well when both fluid removal and residual urea clearance were set to zero. When fluid removal was included, modeled stdKt/V was slightly underestimated for all three modes of hemodialysis. The shortfall correlated directly with weekly fluid removal and inversely with modeled urea volume. Modeled stdKt/V compressed residual urea clearance to about 70% of its measured value and the fractional downsizing significantly correlated inversely with treatment Kt/V. Our new equation predicted modeled stdKt/V with a high level of accuracy, even when substantial fluid removal and residual urea clearance were present.

View details for DOI 10.1038/ki.2009.525

View details for Web of Science ID 000275573500012

View details for PubMedID 20107428