Radiofrequency ablation of benign thyroid nodules: A prospective, multi-institutional North American experience. Surgery Russell, J. O., Desai, D. D., Noel, J. E., Hussein, M., Toraih, E., Seo, S., Wolfe, S., Omar, M., Issa, P., Orloff, L. A., Tufano, R. P., Kandil, E. 2023


Radiofrequency ablation for benign thyroid nodules aims to achieve a volume reduction rate of =50%. However, factors that predict treatment success have not been defined in a large-scale study.A prospective cohort study of biopsy-proven benign thyroid nodules treated with radiofrequency ablation at 3 institutions was performed. Patient demographics, nodule sonographic features, procedural data, and nodule volume reduction were evaluated. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify features associated with treatment response.A total of 620 nodules were analyzed. The pooled median volume reduction rate at 12 months was 70.9% (interquartile range 52.9-86.6). At 1 year follow-up, 78.4% of nodules reached treatment success with a volume reduction rate =50%. The overall complication rate was 3.2% and included temporary voice changes (n = 14), vasovagal episodes (n = 5), nodule rupture (n = 3), and lightheadedness (n = 2). No permanent voice changes occurred. Four patients developed postprocedural hypothyroidism. Large baseline nodule volume (>20 mL) was associated with a lower rate of successful volume reduction (odds ratio 0.60 [0.37-0.976]). Large nodules achieved treatment success by 12-month follow-up at a rate of 64.5%, compared with 81.4% for small nodules and 87.2% for medium nodules.To our knowledge, this is the largest North American cohort of patients with benign thyroid nodules treated with radiofrequency ablation. Overall, radiofrequency ablation was an effective treatment option with a low risk of procedural complications. Large volume nodules (>20 mL) may be associated with a lower rate of successful reduction with radiofrequency ablation treatment.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.surg.2023.07.046

View details for PubMedID 37953141