Review of Lipid-Lowering Therapy in Women from Reproductive to Postmenopausal Years. Reviews in cardiovascular medicine Witting, C., Devareddy, A., Rodriguez, F. 2022; 23 (5)

Abstract

Although cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women, cardiovascular risk factors remain underrecognized and undertreated. Hyperlipidemia is one of the leading modifiable risk factors for CVD. Statins are the mainstay of lipid lowering therapy (LLT), with additional agents such as ezetimibe and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors as additive or alternative therapies. Clinical trials have demonstrated that these LLTs are equally efficacious in lipid lowering and cardiovascular risk reduction in women as they are in men. Although the data on statin teratogenicity is evolving, in times of pregnancy or attempted pregnancy, most lipid-lowering agents are generally avoided due to lack of high-quality safety data. This leads to limited treatment options in pregnant women with hyperlipidemia or cardiovascular disease. During the perimenopausal period, the mainstay of lipid management remains consistent with guidelines across all ages. Hormone replacement therapy for cardiovascular risk reduction is not recommended. Future research is warranted to target sex-based disparities in LLT initiation and persistence across the life course.

View details for DOI 10.31083/j.rcm2305183

View details for PubMedID 38031574

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC10686310