Impact of language barriers and use of interpreters on hope among patients with Central Nervous System Malignancies and Bone Metastases. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics Hui, C., Hall, J., Fang, Z., Lefebvre, S., Hayden-Gephart, M., Li, G., Meola, A., Nagpal, S., Soltys, S., Pollom, E. 2023


PURPOSE: Hope is important in serious illnesses, as it has been linked to patient quality of life. We aimed to determine factors associated with lower hope scores among patients with central nervous system (CNS) disease or bone metastases.METHODS: The Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (AHS) is a 12-item questionnaire that measures hope through two qualities: agency (goal-directed energy) and pathways (plan to meet goals). Total scores range from 8 to 64, with higher scores reflecting higher agency and pathways thinking. We prospectively collected scores from patients seen in two radiation oncology clinics at our institution from 10/2022 to 4/2023. The method of least squares to fit general linear models and Pearson's correlation coefficients (PCC) was used to determine relationships between AHS score and socioeconomic and disease factors.RESULTS: Of the 197 patients who responded, median age was 60.5 years (range 16.9-92.5 years), most patients were male (60.9%), white (59.4%), and had malignant disease (59.4%). Median overall AHS score was 54 (range 8-64), and median pathway and agency thinking scores were 27 (range 4-32) and 27 (range 4-32), respectively. Patients who needed an interpreter compared to those who did not had significantly lower overall AHS scores (mean score 45.4 versus 51.2, respectively; p=0.0493) and pathway thinking scores (mean score 21.5 versus 25.7, respectively; p=0.0085), and patients with poorer performance status had significantly worse overall AHS scores (PCC=-0.2703, p=0.0003).CONCLUSION: Patients with CNS disease or bone metastases requiring the use of an interpreter had lower AHS scores, highlighting the possible association of language barriers to hope. Addressing patient language barriers and further studies on the possible association of language barriers to hope may improve hope, quality of life and outcomes among these patients.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2023.11.056

View details for PubMedID 38056777