Drivers of telemedicine in primary care clinics at a large academic medical centre. Journal of telemedicine and telecare Parameswaran, V., Koos, H., Kalwani, N., Qureshi, L., Rosengaus, L., Dash, R., Scheinker, D., Rodriguez, F., Johnson, C. B., Stange, K., Aron, D., Lyytinen, K., Sharp, C. 2023: 1357633X231219311


COVID-19 disrupted healthcare routines and prompted rapid telemedicine implementation. We investigated the drivers of visit modality selection (telemedicine versus in-person) in primary care clinics at an academic medical centre.We used electronic medical record data from March 2020 to May 2022 from 13 primary care clinics (N?=?21,031 new, N?=?207,292 return visits), with 55% overall telemedicine use. Hierarchical logistic regression and cross-validation methods were used to estimate the variation in visit modality explained by the patient, clinician and visit factors as measured by the mean-test area under the curve (AUC).There was significant variation in telemedicine use across clinicians (ranging from 0-100%) for the same visit diagnosis. The strongest predictors of telemedicine were the clinician seen for new visits (mean AUC of 0.79) and the primary visit diagnosis for return visits (0.77). Models based on all patient characteristics combined accounted for relatively little variation in modality selection, 0.54 for new and 0.58 for return visits, respectively. Amongst patient characteristics, males, patients over 65 years, Asians and patient's with non-English language preferences used less telemedicine; however, those using interpreter services used significantly more telemedicine.Clinician seen and primary visit diagnoses were the best predictors of visit modality. The distinction between new and return visits and the minimal impact of patient characteristics on visit modality highlights the complexity of clinical care and warrants research approaches that go beyond linear models to uncover the emergent causal effects of specific technology features mediated by tasks, people and organisations.

View details for DOI 10.1177/1357633X231219311

View details for PubMedID 38130140