Comparison of failure to rescue in younger versus elderly patients following lung cancer resection. JTCVS open Wang, Y., Kapula, N., Yang, C. J., Manapat, P., Elliott, I. A., Guenthart, B. A., Lui, N. S., Backhus, L. M., Berry, M. F., Shrager, J. B., Liou, D. Z. 2023; 16: 855-872


Objective: Failure to rescue (FTR), defined as in-hospital death following a major complication, has been increasingly studied in patients who undergo cardiothoracic surgery. This study tested the hypothesis that elderly patients undergoing lung cancer resection have greater rates of FTR compared with younger patients.Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for primary lung cancer between 2011 and 2020 and had at least 1 major postoperative complication were identified using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Patients who died following complications (FTR) were compared with those who survived in an elderly (80+ years) and younger (<80years) cohort.Results: Of the 2823 study patients, the younger cohort comprised 2497 patients (FTR: n=139 [5.6%]), whereas the elderly cohort comprised 326 patients (FTR: n=39 [12.0%]). Pneumonia was the most common complication in younger (877/2497, 35.1%) and elderly patients (118/326, 36.2%) but was not associated with FTR on adjusted analysis. Increasing age was associated with FTR (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.55 per decade, P<.001), whereas unplanned reoperation was associated with reduced risk (AOR, 0.55, P=.01). Within the elderly cohort, surgery conducted by a thoracic surgeon was associated with lower FTR risk (AOR, 0.29, P=.028).Conclusions: FTR following lung cancer resection was more frequent with increasing age. Pneumonia was the most common complication but not a predictor of FTR. Unplanned reoperation was associated with reduced FTR, as was treatment by a thoracic surgeon for elderly patients. Surgical therapy for complications after lung cancer resection and elderly patients managed by a thoracic specialist may mitigate the risk of death following an adverse postoperative event.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.xjon.2023.08.002

View details for PubMedID 38204720