The Temporoparietal Fascia Flap Transposition Technique for Ventral Skull Base Reconstruction: Anatomic Analysis and Surgical Application. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.) Xu, Y., Asmaro, K., Mohyeldin, A., Nunez, M. A., Mao, Y., Cohen-Gadol, A. A., Nayak, J., Fernandez-Miranda, J. C. 2024


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The temporoparietal fascia (TPF) flap is an alternative for revision endoscopic skull base reconstruction in the absence of the nasoseptal flap, and we aimed to investigate the anatomy and surgical application of TPF flap transposition in endoscopic endonasal surgery.METHODS: Six lightly embalmed postmortem human heads and 30 computed tomography angiography imaging scans were used to analyze the anatomic features of the TPF flap transposition technique. Three cases selected from a 512 endoscopic endonasal cases database were presented for the clinical application of the TPF flap.RESULTS: The TPF flap, composed by the deepest 3 scalp layers (galea aponeurotica, loose areolar connective tissue, and pericranium), can be harvested and then transposed through the infratemporal-maxillary-pterygoid tunnel to the ventral skull base. The superficial temporal artery as its feeding artery, gives frontal and parietal branches with similar diameter (1.5 ± 0.3 mm) at its bifurcation. The typical bifurcation was present in 50 sides (83.3%), with single (frontal) branch in 5 sides (8.3%), single (parietal) branch in 2 sides (3.3%), and multiple branches (>2) in 3 sides (5%). The transposed TPF flap was divided into 3 parts according to its anatomic location: (1) infratemporal part with an area of 19.5 ± 2.5 cm2, (2) maxillary part with an area of 23.7 ± 2.8 cm2, and (3) skull base part with an area of 44.2 ± 4 cm2. Compared with the nasoseptal flap, nasal floor flap, inferior turbinate flap, and extended septal flap, the coverage area of the skull base part of the TPF flap was significantly larger than any of them (P < .0001).CONCLUSION: The TPF flap technique is an effective alternative for endoscopic endonasal skull base reconstruction. The TPF flap could successfully cover large skull base defects through the infratemporal-maxillary-pterygoid tunnel.

View details for DOI 10.1227/ons.0000000000001048

View details for PubMedID 38189439