Admission to the hospital on weekends is associated with increased mortality for several acute illnesses. We investigated whether patients admitted on a weekend with acute kidney injury (AKI) were more likely to die than those admitted on a weekday. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a large database of admissions to acute care, nonfederal hospitals in the United States, we identified 963,730 admissions with a diagnosis of AKI between 2003 and 2006. Of these, 214,962 admissions (22%) designated AKI as the primary reason for admission (45,203 on a weekend and 169,759 on a weekday). We used logistic regression models to examine the adjusted odds of in-hospital mortality associated with weekend versus weekday admission. Compared with admission on a weekday, patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of AKI on a weekend had a higher odds of death [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02 to 1.12]. The risk for death with admission on a weekend for AKI was more pronounced in smaller hospitals (adjusted OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.33) compared with larger hospitals (adjusted OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.13). Increased mortality was also associated with weekend admission among patients with AKI as a secondary diagnosis across a spectrum of co-existing medical diagnoses. In conclusion, among patients hospitalized with AKI, weekend admission is associated with a higher risk for death compared with admission on a weekday.
View details for DOI 10.1681/ASN.2009070682
View details for Web of Science ID 000277600400019
View details for PubMedID 20395373
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC2865737