Previous studies of blood pressure and mortality in haemodialysis have yielded mixed results, perhaps due to confounding by comorbid conditions. We hypothesized that after improved accounting for confounding factors, higher systolic blood pressure (SBP) would be associated with higher all-cause mortality. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the haemodialysis study, a randomized trial in prevalent haemodialysis patients. We used three proportional hazard models to determine the relative hazard at different levels of SBP: (1) Model-BL used baseline SBP; (2) Model-TV used SBP as a time-varying variable; and (3) Model-TV-Lag added a 3-month lag to Model-TV to de-emphasize changes in SBP associated with acute illness. In all the models, pre-dialysis SBP <120?mm?Hg was associated with a higher risk of mortality compared with the referent group (140-159?mm?Hg); higher pre-dialysis SBP was not associated with higher risk of mortality. In conclusion, we observed a robust association between lower pre-dialysis SBP and higher risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a well-characterized cohort of prevalent haemodialysis patients. Randomized clinical trials are needed to define optimal blood pressure targets in the haemodialysis population.
View details for DOI 10.1038/jhh.2010.42
View details for PubMedID 20410919