• Cognitive deficits

    • Coma
    • Confusion
    • Shortened attention span
    • Memory problems and amnesia
    • Problem solving deficits
    • Problems with judgment
    • Inability to understand abstract concepts
    • Loss of sense of time and space
    • Decreased awareness of self and others
    • Inability to accept more than one- or two-step commands simultaneously
  • Motor deficits

    • Paralysis or weakness
    • Spasticity (tightening and shortening of the muscles)
    • Poor balance
    • Decreased endurance
    • Inability to plan motor movements
    • Delays in initiation
    • Tremors
    • Swallowing problems
    • Poor coordination
  • Perceptual or sensory deficits

    • Changes in hearing, vision, taste, smell, and touch
    • Loss of sensation or heightened sensation of body parts
    • Left- or right-sided neglect
    • Difficulty understanding where limbs are in relation to the body
    • Vision problems, including double vision, lack of visual acuity, or limited range of vision
  • Communication and language deficits

    • Difficulty speaking and understanding speech (aphasia)
    • Difficulty choosing the right words to say (apraxia)
    • Slow, hesitant speech and decreased vocabulary
    • Difficulty forming sentences that make sense'
    • Problems identifying objects and their function
    • Problems with reading, writing, and ability to work with numbers
  • Functional deficits

    • Impaired ability with activities of daily living (ADLs) such as dressing, bathing, and eating
    • Problems with organization, shopping, or paying bills
    • Problems with vocational issues
    • Inability to drive a car or operate machinery
  • Social difficulties

    • Impaired social capacity resulting in self-centered behavior
    • Difficulties in making and keeping friends
    • Difficulties understanding and responding to the nuances of social interaction
  • Regulatory disturbances

    • Fatigue
    • Changes in sleep patterns and eating habits
    • Dizziness
    • Headache
    • Loss of bowel and bladder control
  • Personality or psychiatric changes

    • Apathy
    • Decreased motivation
    • Emotional lability
    • Irritability
    • Anxiety and depression
    • Disinhibition, including temper flare-ups, aggression, cursing, lowered frustration tolerance, and inappropriate sexual behavior
    • Certain psychiatric disorders are more likely to develop if damage changes the chemical composition of the brain.
  • Traumatic epilepsy

    Epilepsy occurs in 2 to 5 percent of all people who sustain brain injury, but it is much more common with severe or penetrating injuries. While most seizures occur immediately after the injury, or within the first year, it is also possible for epilepsy to surface years later. Epilepsy includes both major or generalized seizures and minor or partial seizures.

Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.

Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.

Outpatient Neurologic Rehabilitation Program

We improve daily life functioning for neurologically impaired patients through outpatient services such as physical therapy and speech-language retraining.

See one of our therapists at the Outpatient Neurologic Rehabilitation Program to learn about your treatment options.

Stanford Neuroscience Health Center
213 Quarry Road
Palo Alto, CA 94304
Phone: 650-725-5106
Visit Clinic