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At this time there is no cure for the hereditary ataxias. There is also no medication currently available which treats the specific symptom of ataxia.
If ataxia is due to a stroke, a low vitamin level, or exposure to a toxic drug or chemical, then treatment is aimed at treating those specific conditions.
The treatment for the incoordination or imbalance mostly involves the use of adaptive devices to allow the individual to maintain as much independence as possible. Such devices may include the use of a cane, crutches, walker, or wheelchair. Physical therapy, speech therapy, and medications to help symptoms, such as tremor, stiffness, depression, spasticity, and sleep disorders, may also be beneficial.