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About this Treatment: Autologous Blood and Marrow Transplantation
The Steps of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
The first step is collect the stem cells for your transplant. That is called mobilization.
You will receive a growth factor alone or a combination of a growth factor with chemotherapy to move or “mobilize” your stem cells to move from the bone marrow into the blood for the purposes of collection.
The stem cells are collected from your bloodstream in a procedure that’s similar to blood donation. This collection process is called apheresis. The blood is collected from the vein through a catheter (tube) and then spins through the apheresis machine which collects the stem cells. The rest of the blood is then returned to you through a catheter (tube) in a vein. The process takes about 4 hours each day and may take 1 – 4 days.
Sometimes the chemotherapy and transplant are given when you are an outpatient and other times you will be hospitalized for the chemotherapy and transplant.
After the transplant, you will be monitored daily by your health care team for about 3 weeks and then about once a week for another month.