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Gastrointestinal dysfunction affects many patients and can result in the failure of the intestine to digest food and absorb the fluids, electrolytes and nutrients essential for life. Causes of intestinal failure range from a variety of conditions, including short bowel syndrome (or "short gut"), trauma and autoimmune disease.
At Stanford Health Care, we provide personalized medical and nutrition therapy to restore intestinal function and eliminate or reduce the need for total parenteral nutrition (TPN). For patients with recurrent infections, liver failure or lack of intravenous access, small bowel transplantation may be recommended.
The development of newer, more effective anti-rejection medications and surgical approaches has led to improved outcomes and better quality of life for recipients.