Notice: Users may be experiencing issues with displaying some pages on stanfordhealthcare.org. We are working closely with our technical teams to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. Thank you for your patience.
Major bone grafting can be described as taking a portion of bone from the donor site to another site. Bone grafting is typically done to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance. Bone grafts can be needed for any of the following reasons: after tooth extractions, traumatic injury, tumor surgery, or congenital defect where the surrounding jawbone atrophies or is reabsorbed leaving poor quality and quantity of bone. Bone is usually obtained from the skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), or lateral knee (tibia). Cadaver bone can also be used in what is called xenografts.