Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed to correct facial and
body abnormalities caused by birth defects, trauma, disease, or aging.
More than one million reconstructive plastic surgeries are performed
each year in the US. Usually, the goal of reconstructive plastic
surgery is to improve body function. However, reconstructive plastic
surgery may also be performed to create a more normal appearance and
improve self-esteem (this may also be called cosmetic surgery).
Abnormal structures of the body may result from the following: