Notice: Users may be experiencing issues with displaying some pages on stanfordhealthcare.org. We are working closely with our technical teams to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. Thank you for your patience.
Surgery is an effective treatment for bladder cancer, especially in the disease’s early stages. Treatment goals for bladder cancer surgery are to:
Eliminate as much of the cancer as possible by removing the bladder and a margin (narrow border of surrounding tissue) of healthy tissue
Relieve symptoms of cancer such as pain or bleeding from the bladder
Scraping out of the cancer (with a procedure known as TURBT) may be the only treatment required for non-invasive, early-stage cancers with a low risk of recurrence. For non-invasive cancers that have a high risk of recurrence, drug therapy is sometimes used after TURBT.
In cases in which cancer is invasive or aggressive, more extensive surgery to remove the entire bladder may be recommended.