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Surgery is an effective treatment for esophageal cancer and generally is an option for patients whose cancer has not advanced to distant parts of the body. Treatment goals for esophageal cancer surgery are to:
Remove the entire tumor with a border of normal surrounding tissue (margin)
Remove all the nearby lymph nodes
Restore digestive function, so patients can eat as they did before cancer and treatment
Surgery is not generally recommended for patients whose cancers have spread to distant areas of the body. It may be recommended at earlier stages for any type of esophageal cancer.