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Long-Term Outlook after Coarctation of the Aorta Surgical Repair
Most patients who have had a coarctation of the aorta surgical repair will live healthy lives. Activity levels, appetite, and growth should eventually return to normal.
The cardiologist may recommend that antibiotics be given to prevent bacterial endocarditis before major surgeries or procedures, such as dental cleaning.
Over time, the aorta may once again become narrow on occasion. If this happens, percutaneous procedure or operation may be necessary to repair the coarctation. Evaluation with MRI is generally recommended. If an aortic aneurysm or dissection is suspected, computed tomography (CT scan) may also be performed to further evaluate the anatomy before deciding on treatment options.
Blood pressure management is very important. Often, the blood pressure is elevated after aortic coarctation repair. In that case, medications may be prescribed to help lower the blood pressure.
Regular follow-up care at a center for congenital cardiac care should continue throughout the individual's lifespan.