Congenital heart disease (CHD) is an abnormal development of the
heart that occurs during pregnancy before a baby is born. Congenital
heart defects occur during the first eight weeks of a baby's
development and affect eight out of every 1,000 babies born in the
Congenital heart problems range from routine to complex. Some heart
problems require careful monitoring. Other congenital heart defects
may require more intensive treatments, such as medication or surgery.
A cardiologist will examine each patient and determine the best
course of treatment for each individual case. The treatment will
depend on the type of congenital heart defect and how severe it is.
Other factors that affect treatment include:
Age of patient
Weight of patient
Common treatment options for congenital heart disease are: