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Renal artery stenosis is a blockage of an artery to the kidneys. It may cause kidney failure and hypertension (high blood pressure).
Renal artery stenosis symptoms
Sudden onset of hypertension before age 50 suggests fibromuscular dysplasia-related stenosis
Sudden onset of hypertension at or after age 50 suggests stenosis caused by atherosclerosis
Hypertension not responsive to three or more blood pressure medications
Increased urea (a waste product excreted by the kidneys) in the blood
Unexplained kidney failure
Sudden kidney failure when first taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor medication for blood pressure and/or heart treatment
Treatment for renal artery stenosis
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor medication may be prescribed to treat hypertension in patients with fibromuscular dysplasia
Anti-hypertensive medications may be used to treat high blood pressure
In stenosis caused by atherosclerosis, medications to lower cholesterol may be prescribed
Treatment of related medical conditions such as diabetes
Endovascular procedures such as angioplasty (the opening of a renal artery using a balloon or other method) or placement of a stent (a tiny expandable metal coil placed inside an artery to keep the artery open)
Open surgical procedures to bypass the occluded renal artery. There are several variations of such procedures.