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The majority of sports injuries are caused by minor trauma involving muscles, ligaments, and tendons, including:
The most commonly sprained or strained joint is the ankle. The three ligaments involved in ankle sprains/strains include:
Anterior talofibular ligament
Posterior talofibular ligament
Sprains or strains are uncommon in younger children because their growth plates (areas of bone growth located in the ends of long bones) are weaker than the muscles or tendons. Instead, children are prone to fractures.
What is a contusion?
A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft-tissue often produced by a blunt force such as a kick, fall, or blow. The immediate result will be pain, swelling, and discoloration.
What is a sprain?
A sprain is a wrenching or twisting injury to a ligament. Sprains often affect the ankles, knees, or wrists.
What is a strain?
A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon, and is often caused by overuse, force, or stretching.