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The use of anticancer drugs to shrink or kill cancerous cells and reduce cancer spreading to other parts of the body.
If a doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the operation, a patient may be given chemotherapy after surgery to kill any cancer cells that are left. Chemotherapy given after an operation to a person who has no cancer cells that can be found is called adjuvant chemotherapy. There are no proven adjuvant chemotherapy protocols in the care of Merkel cell carcinoma.
A procedure that involves killing the cancer by freezing the cells using extremely cold temperatures with a small metal tool placed in the tumor. Liquid nitrogen is the most common type and is sprayed on or applied with a cotton applicator to freeze growths which then shrink and fall off.
Clinical trials are research studies that evaluate a new medical approach, device, drug, or other treatment. As a Stanford Health Care patient, you may have access to the latest, advanced clinical trials.
Open trials refer to studies currently accepting participants. Closed trials are not currently enrolling, but may open in the future.